Planet typography MyFonts
Twentieth century type designers


Twentieth century
type designers

Sebastian Carter
192 pages
June 1995
Lund Hymphries Publishers
ISBN : 0393701999

Very interesting compilation of biographies of the most famous type designers of the 20th century. A must for every type addict.

Since its first publication in 1987, Twentieth Century Type Designers has become a standard reference work for typographers, designers and students alike. This new edition includes an examination of the latest technological developments in the design and composition of type, and introduces the work of some of the more recent designers to have made their mark in this century.
Although the skeleton shapes of the letters of our alphabet hardly change, many skilled type designers have devoted much time, sometimes their whole lives, to drawing different versions of the outlines. This book serves as an introduction to the concept of typefaces and to some of the personalities who have created them--Goudy, Rogers, Koch, Gill, Morison, Van Krimpen, Trump, Tschichold, Frutiger, and Zapf--and places them in the context of the enormous changes that have occurred in typography.
Profiles of a new generation of typographers working in the latter half of this century, such as Matthew Carter, Sumner Stone and others, bring the book up to date. Working with entirely different tools than their predecessors, they reflect the new typography in varying degrees.
The introduction in the 1880s of the Linotype and Monotype hot-metal composing machines, and in particular the Benton pantographic punchcutter, revolutionized the manufacture of type, and caused a flood of new typefaces. More recently, filmsetting and digital typesetting have brought new opportunities--as well as new disciplines. This book examines the conflicts arising from these technological advances, which have pitted craftsmanship against commercial interests, and forced designers to come to terms with the new creative opportunities.
Whatever motivates type designers--whether it is the practical need to create new faces for machines, the ideal of producing the perfect letter-form for our age, or whether type is designed as an offshoot of other artistic activities--their work has had a far-reaching impact on our culture.

Old types for new machines

The designers - I

  • Frederic Goudy
  • Bruce Rogers
  • Rudolf Koch
  • William Addison Dwiggins
  • Eric Gill
  • Victor Hammer
  • Stanley Morison
  • Hans (Giovanni) Mardersteig
  • Jan van Krimpen
  • Georg Trump
  • Joseph Blumenthal
  • Robert Hunter Middleton
  • Jan Tschichold
  • Berthold Wolpe
  • Roger Excoffon
Display types
New types for new machines

The designers - II

  • Herman Zapf
  • Aldo Novarese
  • José Mendoza y Almeida
  • Adrian Frutiger
  • Matthew Carter
  • Gerard Unger
  • Sumner Stone
  • Robert Slimbach
  • Carol Twombly

To buy
Twentieth century type designers

or on